First, review your assignment to be sure you understand the requirements such as subject/topic, purpose, length, amount of research needed, and if there are restrictions on the type of research to use (such as the number or type of resources you have to use).
Step 1: Choose the Topic
Even if your assignment gives you topic guidelines, you may need to still narrow it down to be more specific.
Tip 1: Choose a topic that interests you or that you want to know more about.
Tip 2: Choose a topic that has enough research available to meet the assignment requirements.
Tip 3: If you need topic ideas, look through your textbook, talk to your instructor, or do some preliminary research on subjects that interest you.
Follow these final steps to add the research you found to your paper.
Step 6: Add the Research to Your Paper
Three ways to add your research to your paper or project are to summarize, paraphrase, or quote material.
Summarize – Put the main ideas of a source or part of a source into your own words. A summary is useful for condensing larger sections of text. A summary should be attributed to the original source.
Paraphrase – The original source’s ideas are expressed in your own words. Paraphrasing is useful for combining a bit of information from more than one sentence in the source and it condenses information slightly. Paraphrased material must be attributed to the original source.
Quote – Quotes are word for word identical to the source’s words and must be placed in quotation marks (quotation marks at the beginning and end of the source). Quoted material must be attributed to the original source
Step 7: Cite Your Sources
Be honest and give credit where credit is due. Check the assignment or with your professor about which citation style to use. Cite your sources! Check the library’s page for citation style help guides.